Une revue sur l’utilisation de l’eau subcritique et du CO2 supercritique pour valoriser les sous-produits du café publiée dans le journal Green Chemistry

12 décembre 2020 par Christine Piot
Publication d'une revue dans le journal Green Chem

Dans le cadre du projet VALORWaste et de la thèse d’Alexandre Vandeponseele, financés par le Pack Ambition Recherche de la Région Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, une revue sur l’utilisation de l’eau subcritique et du CO2 supercritique comme méthodes éco-compatible de valorisation du café et de ses sous-produits a été publiée dans le journal Green Chemistry.

Alexandre Vandeponseele, Micheline Draye, Christine Piot, Gregory Chatel,* Green Chem. 2020, acceptée, DOI: 10.1039/D0GC03146A. Subcritical water and supercritical carbon dioxide: efficient and selective eco-compatible solvents for coffee and coffee by-products valorization    

A lire ici : https://doi.org/10.1039/D0GC03146A

Abstract :

This review aims to establish the state of the art of the existing literature on the valorization of coffee and coffee by-products (i.e. green coffee, coffee husk, pulp, silverskin and spent coffee grounds) through the use of pressurized fluids as solvents, including subcritical water (SCW) and supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2). The first part reviews the exploitation, the composition, the properties and the ways of valorization of coffee beans and their by-products, highlighting their high potential as raw material. The second part is dedicated to subcritical H2O and supercritical CO2 applied to coffee and coffee by-products valorization, discussing the involved mechanisms, the parameters’ influence and the superiority of subcritical H2O and supercritical CO2 in comparison to other solvents and techniques. Indeed, subcritical H2O is considered as a super solvent, catalyst and reagent at the same time, being the most efficient technology for carbohydrate and polyphenol recovery as well as biocrude-oil production. Supercritical CO2 is considered as a chameleon solvent, with unlimited tunability, able to selectively extract high value molecules but also compete with organic solvents in amount and quality of the produced extract. In addition, subcritical H2O and supercritical CO2 are complementary solvents, targeting together all the types of molecules in coffee and coffee by-products, leading to the development of a Green Solvent Bio-Refinery (GreSBiR) with sequential uses of subcritical H2O and supercritical CO2.